You can find on this page the Norway geographical map to print and to download in PDF. The Norway geographic map presents the topography, elevation, rivers, mountains, climate and physical features of Norway in Northern Europe.

Norway physical map

Physical map of Norway

The Norway physical map shows landform and geography of Norway. This geographical map of Norway will allow you to discover physical features of Norway in Northern Europe. The Norway physical map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

The Scandinavian Mountains are the most defining feature of the country of Norway. The Scandinavian Mountains have naturally divided the country in physical regions; valleys radiate from the mountains in all directions. The following physical regions will only partially correspond to traditional regions and counties in Norway. Southern coast. The southern Skagerrak and North Sea coast is the lowland south of the mountain range, from Stavanger in the west to the western reaches of the outer part of the Oslofjord in the east as you can see in Norway physical map. In this part of the country, valleys tend to follow a north - south direction. This area is mostly a hilly area, but with some very flat areas such as Lista and Jæren.

Southeast. The land east of the mountains (corresponding to Østlandet, most of Telemark and Røros) is dominated by valleys going in a north - south direction in the eastern part, and a more northwest - southeast direction further west, and the valleys congregate on the Oslofjord. The longest valleys in the country are Østerdal and Gudbrandsdal as its shown in Norway physical map. This part also contains larger areas of lowland surrounding the Oslofjord, as well as the Glomma river and lake Mjøsa. Western fjords. The land west of the mountains (corresponding to Vestlandet north of Stavanger) is more dominated by the mountain chain, as the mountains goes all the way to the coast, albeit gradually becoming lower towards the coast. This part is dominated by large fjords, the largest are Sognefjord and Hardangerfjord. Geirangerfjord is often regarded as the ultimate fjord scenery. The coast is protected by a chain of skerries (the Skjærgård) arranged to parallel the coast and provide the beginning of a protected passage almost the entire 1,600 km route from Stavanger to Nordkapp.

Trondheim region. The land north of Dovre (corresponding to Trøndelag except Røros) comprises a more gentle landscape with more rounded shapes and mountains, and with valleys congregating on the Trondheimsfjord, where they open up and forms a larger lowland area. Further north is the valley of Namdalen, opening up in the Namsos area. However, the Fosen peninsula, and the most northern coast (Leka) is more dominated by mountains and more narrow valleys as its mentioned in Norway physical map. Northern fjords. The land further north (corresponding to Nordland, Troms and northwestern Finnmark) is again more dominated by pointed mountains going all the way to the coast, and numerous fjords. The fjords and valleys generally lie in a west - east direction in the southern part of this area, and a more northwest - southeast direction further north. The Saltfjellet mountain range is an exception, as the valleys goes in a more north - south direction from these mountains. This long area comprises many large islands, including Lofoten, Vesterålen and Senja.

Norway topographic map

Map of Norway topography

Norway topographic map shows the physical features of Norway. This topographical map of Norway will allow you to discover landforms and geographical of Norway in Northern Europe. The Norway topographic map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Norway is formed of some of the oldest rocks in the world. It is dominated by mountain masses, with only one-fifth of its total area less than 150 m (500 ft) above sea level. The average altitude is 500 m (1,640 ft). The Glittertinden (2,472 m/8,110 ft, including a glacier at the summit) and Galdhøpiggen (2,469 m/8,100 ft), both in the Jotunheimen, are the highest points in Europe north of the Alpine-Carpathian mountain range as you can see in Norway topographic map. The principal river, the Glåma, 611 km (380 mi) long, flows through the timbered southeast. Much of Norway has been scraped by ice, and there are 1,700 glaciers totaling some 3,400 sq km (1,310 sq mi). In the Lista and Jaeren regions in the far south, extensive glacial deposits form agricultural lowlands. Excellent harbors are provided by the almost numberless fjords, deeply indented bays of scenic beauty that are never closed by ice and penetrate the mainland as far as 182 km (113 mi). Along many coastal stretches is a chain of islands known as the skjærgård.

The majority of Norway is a rugged topography with rich forested valleys and mountains and some of the few remaining ice age glaciers. In fact Norway is home to the largest glacier on the continental European landmass, Jostedalsbreen. In the far northeast above the Arctic Circle, frozen arctic tundra dominates the landscape, from Vardo, south and west as its shown in Norway topographic map. This tundra receives little precipitation and has a short growing season, so it is generally a treeless plain of low shrubs and grasses. There are reportedly over 150,000, mainly small lakes, with the largest being Lake Mjosa. The famous Norwegian fjords are the result of deep valleys being etched out by the retreating glaciers as is its jagged western coastline which is made up of over 50,000 islands and long deep fjords. Famous fjords are Baknafjord, Geirangerfjord, Hardangerfjord, Moldefjord, Sognefjord, Trondheimfjord and Vestfjord.

Norway have a glaciated terrain; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north. The mainland covers 13° latitude, from 58°N to more than 71°N, (Svalbard north to 81°N), and covers the longitude from 5°E in Solund to 31°E in Vardø (Jan Mayen to 9°W, Kvitøya to 33°E) as its mentioned in Norway topographic map. Norway is one of the world most northerly countries, and one of Europe most mountainous countries with large areas dominated by the Scandinavian Mountains; average elevation is 460 m and 32% of the mainland is located above the tree line.

Norway elevation map

Map of Norway altitude

The Norway elevation map shows the different altitudes of Norway. This altitude map of Norway will allow you to know where are the highest and lowest regions of Norway in Northern Europe. The Norway elevation map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Norway average elevation is 460 m and 32% of the mainland is located above the tree line. The extreme points of Norway include the coordinates that are further north, south, east or west than any other location in Norway; and the highest and the lowest altitudes in the country. The northern-most point is Rossøya on Svalbard, the southern-most is Pysen in Mandal, the eastern-most is Kræmerpynten on Svalbard, and the western-most is Høybergodden on Jan Mayen. The highest elevation peak is Galdhøpiggen, standing at 2,469 m (8,100 ft) above mean sea level, while the lowest elevation is sea level at the coast as you can see in Norway elevation map. The northern-most mainland point is Cape Nordkinn, located in Lebesby, Finnmark; this is also the northern-most location of mainland Europe. Both border the Barents Sea. The southern-most location of Norway proper is Pysen, while the southern-most mainland location is Lindesnes; both border Skagerrak. The eastern-most point is Hornøya, with Kibergneset being the eastern-most mainland location. Both are in Vardø in Finnmark.

For the Kingdom of Norway, the northern-most point is Rossøya, just north of Nordaustlandet on the Svalbard archipelago, bordering the Barents Sea. The southern-most point is Pysen in Mandal bordering Skagerrak—the only latitude and longitude extreme point that is in Norway proper. The eastern-most location is Kræmerpynten on Svalbard, bordering the Barents Sea, while the western-most elevation point is Høybergodden on Jan Mayen, bordering the Greenland Sea as its shown in Norway elevation map. All four latitude and longitude extreme points are bordering the sea; due to the geographic nature of the coastline, all extremities are located on islands. Therefore, extreme points of the Norwegian mainland are also included in the list. The northern-most point is Knivskjellodden, located in Magerøy in Finnmark. The western-most location is Holmebåen in Solund, Sogn og Fjordane, while the western-most mainland location is Vardetangen in Austrheim, Hordaland. Both border the North Sea.

Galdhøpiggen (English: Galdhø Peak) is the highest mountain in Norway, Scandinavia and Northern Europe, at 2,469 m (8,100 ft) above sea level as its mentioned in Norway elevation map. It is located within the municipality of Lom (in Oppland), in the Jotunheimen mountain area. Geologically Galdhøpiggen, as most of Southern Norway mountain ranges, belongs to the Caledonian folding. The peak is made of gabbro, a hard but rather coarse-grained rock which is found in most of the Jotunheimen range. During the ice ages it was heavily glaciated and got its present form. The theory that the highest elevation summits in Norway stayed above the ice as nunataks has been abandoned by most geologists. It fits well with the present flora in the area, but it does not fit well with the present knowledge of ice thickness and the results of glaciation.

Norway rivers map

Map of Norway rivers

The rivers in Norway map shows the principal rivers with their names of Norway. The rivers map of Norway will allow you to find the main rivers which flow in and through Norway in Northern Europe. The Norway rivers map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

The country has an area of about 148,728 square miles with some of this area being covered by water. Of this area, 5.2% of it is made up of water from bodies such as rivers and lakes as you can see in Norway rivers map. These water bodies play a role in hydropower production, transport, aquatic habitat, and domestic use. The longest river in Norway is the Glomma with a length of about 600 kilometers. Also known as the Glåma, the Glomma is not only the longest but also the biggest river in Norway. The source of this massive river is at Røros while the mouth is at Fredrikstad, Norway. This river has a massive drainage basin of about 16,000 square miles, which is at least 13% of the country’s surface area. All of this drainage basin is located in the southern region of the country.

Pasvikelva And Ivalo Rivers, this river system starts with the Ivalo, which begins flowing from Korsa Fjelds in Finland all the way to its mouth at Lake Inari in Finland. The lake then forms the source of the Pasvikelva (or the Paatsjoki) River, which flows all the way to its mouth at Bøkfjorden in Norway. The Pasvikelva has a drainage basin of about 7,083 square miles and has a number of hydroelectric power plants along the way. Numedalslågen River, located in the counties of Buskerud and Vestfold in Norway, this river starts flowing in Hardangervidda, Norway, while its mouth at Larvik, Skagerrak as its shown in Norway rivers map. Along its course, it passes through a number of municipalities such as Nore og Uvdal, Kongsberg, and Larvik. In addition, the river has a number of hydroelectric power plants along its course such as Nore I kraftverk and Nore II kraftverk.

Data shows that Norwegian rivers and lakes are in a better environmental state compared to most of the countries in Europe. Based on the EU criteria and conditions for freshwater environments, more than half of the water bodies pass. However, the data also shows that a quarter of the water bodies are face serious risk. Most of the risk is found in those bodies that are close to human settlements. Lågen, also called Gudbrandsdalslågen, river, south-central Norway. The name Lågen is applied to the portion of the river in Oppland fylke (county); it rises in small lakes and streams in the Dovre Plateau at the northern end of Gudbrands Valley and flows southeast for 122 miles (199 km) through Gudbrands Valley to Lake Mjøsa at Lillehammer as its mentioned in Norway rivers map. It flows out from Mjøsa as the Vorma River (in Akershus fylke) southeast to its confluence with the Glomma (Glåma) River at Årnes, more than 100 miles (160 km) from its source.

Norway mountains map

Map of Norway mountains

The mountains in Norway map shows the principal mountains with their names in Norway. The mountains map of Norway will allow you to find the main mountains ranges and highest mountains of Norway in Northern Europe. The Norway mountains map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Norway is one of the most mountainous countries in Europe dominated north to south by a series of mountain ranges of the Scandinavian Mountains. With a low population density, it its also one of the least visited and remains a wild and undiscovered mountain wilderness. A south central plateau slopes into the Trondelag, a hilly and mountainous farming area with strips of fertile land on the edges of the Trondheim Fjord as you can see in Norway mountains map. Additional lowlands are found in the southeast, and along parts of the southern coastline. The highest mountain is Galdhøpiggen at 2469m. Significant rivers include the Glama, the country longest, and the Dramselva, Lagen (two of them) and the Tana in the far north. The mountain ranges also form the main boundaries among Norway districts, typically running north-south. Several of the ranges have had road and railroad passes since historical times but many of these close over the winter.

Norwegian mountain ranges provide some of the most attractive recreational areas in Europe, both during summer and winter. There is a network of Norwegian 'hytter' (mountain cabins), and cross country ski and hiking trails which are operated by the Norwegian Mountain Touring Association allowing for weeks of uninterrupted hiking or cross-country skiing in the mountains. Most of Norway highest mountains are clustered together in the centre of the country, most notably in and around Jotunheimen National Park as its shown in Norway mountains map. Glittertind ranks second behind its close neighbour Galdhøpiggen. Glittertind peak is at an elevation of 2,452 metres (8,045 ft) above sea level, meaning it misses out on the award by a mere four metres. In fact, the mountain was considered Norway highest for a long time because the glacier sat upon its top put it higher than Galdhøpiggen. Debate raged about whether the glacier should count.

At the westernmost end of Jotunheimen lies Norway third highest mountain, Store Skagasølstind. The 2,405 metre (7,890 feet) mountain is part of the Hurrungane range of Jotunheimen. While the summit is a popular challenge for mountaineers, it is a fairly difficult climb. It is certainly much more of a challenge than the country two higher mountains. Also within the Hurrungane range is Store Styggedalstind, Norway fourth highest mountain at 2,387 metres (7,831 feet) above sea level. Again, the ascent is relatively challenging. The mountains of Jotunheimen contain most of Norway tallest mountains. All in all, there are 250 peaks at an elevation of at least 1,900 metres (6233 feet) above sea level as its mentioned in Norway mountains map.

Norway climate map

Map of Norway temperature

The Norway climate map shows average temperature and climate zones of Norway. This climate map of Norway will allow you to know weather, average precipitation, average sunshine and different climates of Norway in Northern Europe. The Norway climate map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

The climate of Norway is much more temperate than expected for such high latitudes; this is mainly due to the North Atlantic Current with its extension the Norwegian Current raising the air temperature, and the prevailing southwesterlies bringing the mild air on shore, as well as the general southwest - northeast orientation of the coast allowing the westerlies to penetrate into the Arctic. The January average in Brønnøysund is almost 15 °C (27.0 °F) warmer than the January average in Nome, Alaska, even if both towns are situated on the west coast of the continents at 65°N as you can see in Norway climate map. In July, the difference is reduced to 3 °C (5.40 °F). January average in Yakutsk, situated inland in Siberia but slightly further south, is 42 °C (75.6 °F) colder than in Brønnøysund.

Some areas of Vestlandet and southern Nordland are Europe wettest due to orographic lift, particularly where the moist westerlies first are intercepted by high mountains; this occurs slightly inland from the outer skerry guard. Brekke in Sogn og Fjordane has the highest annual precipitation with 3,575 mm (140.7 in); annual precipitation can exceed 5,000 mm (196.9 in) in mountain areas near the coast. Lurøy, near the Arctic Circle, gets 2,935 mm on average, a remarkable amount of precipitation for a polar location as its shown in Norway climate map. Precipitation is heaviest in autumn and early winter along the coast, while April to June is the driest. The innermost parts of the long fjords are somewhat drier; annual precipitation in Lærdal is 491 mm (19.3 in), in Levanger 750 mm (29.5 in) and only 300 mm (11.8 in) in Skibotn at the head of Lyngenfjord, the latter also has the national record for clear-weather days. The regions to the east of the mountains (including Oslo) have a more continental climate with less precipitation, and enjoy more sunshine and usually warmer summers; precipitation is highest in summer and early autumn (often brief, heavy showers) while winter and spring tend to be driest inland.

The coast experiences much milder winters than other areas at the same latitudes. The temperature difference from the coldest month to the warmest is only 11–15 °C (52–59 °F) in coastal areas; some lighthouses have a year amplitude of just 10 °C (18.0 °F), such as Svinøy in Herøy with a coldest month of 2.7 °C (36.9 °F) as its mentioned in Norway climate map. The amplitude of inland areas are larger, with a maximum of 30 °C (86 °F) in Karasjok. Finnmarksvidda has the coldest winters in mainland Norway, but inland areas much further south can also see severe cold; Røros has recorded −50 °C (−58 °F) and Tynset has a January average −13 °C (9 °F). Inland valleys and the innermost fjord areas have less wind and sees the warmest summer days; the Oslofjord lowland is warmest with July 24-hr average of 17 °C (62.6 °F), but even Alta at 70°N has July average of 13.5 °C (56.3 °F), and commercial fruit orchards are common in the innermost areas of the western fjords, but also in Telemark.